Alpine Meadows Wildlife Rehab



Pronghorn:
  • Top speed is can be up to 60 MPH, and they can cruise at 45 for many miles! One person claims to have seen them spurt up to 70 MPH but this is undocumented
  • They are the second fastest land animal in the world and the fastest in North America
  • Can live up to 15 years
  • Can traverse a football field in 3 1/2 seconds taking just over 10 strides!
  • can outrun a person at a week old
  • Were around with Saber tooth tigers and wooly mammoths 10,000 years ago
  • In summer they drink about 3 1/2 quarts of water a day
  • Have eyes larger than an elephants and their eyes are the same size as a horses, the largest eyes of land mammals!
  • Females are about 10 MPH faster than the males
  • Pronghorn can jump but do not like to and this has actually lead to their deaths if they are separated from water.
  • Pronghorns windpipes are the same diameter as human windpipes
  • Pronghorns have horns not antlers, yet they shed them every year
  • Males have black facial markings females don't
  • gestation is about 250 days



Javelinas:

  • Can leap 6 feet and run up to 25 MPH
  • Same order of mammals (artiodactyla) along with deer, antelope and hippos.  They're in different families- Suidae (pigs, hogs) and Tayassuidae (peccaries)
  • The ancient Mayas honored the Javelinas by naming a goddess "The Great white Peccary" and a king "Precious Peccary"
  • adults are about 3 feet tall and 3 feet long and weigh up to 40-50 pounds. They have a light colored hair collar around their necks with a dark stripe down their backs. They are also red when they are young. 
  • hair is wiry and bristly and can be 6 inches long!
  • Pigs have 4 toes, javelinas have 4 on their front feet and 3 on their hind
  • Javelinas have short tails and short rounded ears. Pigs have long curly tails and large floppy ears.
  • Javelinas have interlocking jaws and 38 teeth. Pigs have moveable jaws and 44 teeth
  • Javelinas are from South America and are migrating north. They do not do well in cold climates which prevents their further northward migration, settling primarily in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas
  • Pigs produce large litters after 4 months gestation and have 6-20 mammary's. Javelinas have 1-2 piglets after a 5 month gestation and have 4 mammary's.
  • Javelinas don't have a gall bladder.
  • Javelinas have a scent gland on their backs that looks alot like a nipple that is used to keep the herd together in times of danger. They frequently rub on each others scent gland thereby producing a collective herd scent.
  • Sows will let babies other than their own nurse on them.



Bobcats:

  • Bobcats purr just like housecats
  • They have "eye spots" on the back of their ears to help the kittens follow their mother
  •  They stay with their mothers nine months after birth
  • They have tufts of hair at the tips of their ears and a ruff around their faces. This is more pronounced in Lynx's than in bobcats.
  • They typically weigh 15-30 pounds and are about 40 inches long head to bobbed tail
  • A mother and 3 kittens can eat 3,800 rats, 3,200 mice and 700 rabbits in a year!
More animals coming soon!